Din a Cirima
Religion in Crimea
"Fe denes sa forsa denes"
Christian denominations in Crimea:
- The Autonomous Church of Crimea (Russian Orthodox): Crimea's largest Christian denomination was established under the Russian Empire. It brings together congregations that speak Russian and Ukrainian, and many that speak Bulgarian. Its stated purpose is to unite all Eastern Orthodox Christians in the country. But since imperial days, Russian religious officials have been in conflict with the older local Greek church hierarchy, which has been reluctant to merge into what would be a Russian-dominated body. In 1958 the Crimean church officially became an Autonomous body under the Patriarch of Moscow. The Russian Bishop of Xerson was raised to Metropolitan rank at that time, which seemed to indicate that the Russians were allowing the Greek denomination to keep its separate existence. Both Orthodox churches still talk about re-unification, but there are no concrete plans in place. The top official is the Metropolitan of Xerson, and his suffragan Bishops of Acmescit and Çancoj.
- The Metropolitanate of Doros (Greek Orthodox): Crimea's oldest Christian body was founded in the days of the Byzantine Empire to serve both its Crimean colonies and the cities of the Goths. Doros, still the seat of the bishop, was the capital of the Gothic principality. For much of the 18th and 19th centuries, the Russians considered Doros to be part of their own church and appointed Russian officials to it, leading to endless conflict with the Greek and Gothic people and with the Patriarch of Constantinople. Later the Russians left it alone, but with a very unclear status. In the 20th and 21st centuries it has essentially functioned as a different denomination from the main Crimean Orthodox church, and the two bodies have gone through phases of both conflict and cooperation. The bishop of Doros holds Metropolitan rank for historical reasons, but there are no other Greek bishops in his see.
- The Ecclesiastical Province of Cafa (Roman Catholic): The Pope named a bishop in the Middle Ages to serve the Italian colonies in Crimea. The institution has endured multiple wars and conflicts, through which the church and the community it serves have survived.
- The Armenian Diocese of Cafa (Armenian Catholic): The Roman and Armenian Catholic churches have lived side by side in full communion with one another since the 1400s. The Armenian community has grown and shrunk and grown again over the years, but the presence of the Cathedral of St. Sergius has been its focal point throughout.
- The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Crimea: Formed in 1995, this new denomination united the many Lutheran churches founded in the 18th and 19th centuries by German and Estonian immigrants. It is currently pursuing (re-)union with Rome as an autonomous Catholic church, following the pattern of the reunited Episcopal Lutheran Church in Germany. It is led by a single bishop, whose official cathedral seat is in Acmescit.
- Old Believers #1
- Old Believers #2
- Old Believers #3
- The Krimmer Brethren of Mennonites
- Bulgarian and Romanian and other Orthodox Christians: A number of ethnic Orthodox churches have maintain links with the home countries and remain outside any of Crimea's different church hierarchies. If the negotiations to create a distinct, multi-ethnic Crimean Orthodox Church ever come to fruition,