## Numaru

Numbers in Parra

## Cardinal Numbers

0. sifra

1. bir

2. du

3. teré

4. vatro

5. beş

6. altu

7. jedi

8. secis

9. docus

10. on

11. on bir

12. on du

13. on teré

20. venti

30. otus

40. curc

50. beşmiş

60. altmuş

70. jemiş

80. secimiş

90 documuş

100. sente

200. du sente

300. teré sente

1000. bin

10,000. on bin

100,000. sente bin

1,000,000. miljon

1,000,000,000. miljard

1,000,000,000,000. triljon

Following the pattern of late Lingua Franca, which did its counting in Arabic, Parra's numbers predominantly come from Tatar/Turkish. It's a bit eclectic, though, since Latinate numeral names have been kept for 2, 3, and 4, as well as 20 and 100. Numbers of 1,000,000 and above reflect international terminology, but were most directly influenced by Russian.

While 1 is signified with a Turkic word, the old Latinate numeral, uno, survives as an indefinite pronoun. It can be paired with omo or cosa when needed to specify "somebody" or "something," but this is not needed. Plural is unu.

- Coprato uno ce ne volato. = I bought something I didn't want.

- Tu vola piju unu saba? = Do you want a few more?

1. bir

2. du

3. teré

4. vatro

5. beş

6. altu

7. jedi

8. secis

9. docus

10. on

11. on bir

12. on du

13. on teré

20. venti

30. otus

40. curc

50. beşmiş

60. altmuş

70. jemiş

80. secimiş

90 documuş

100. sente

200. du sente

300. teré sente

1000. bin

10,000. on bin

100,000. sente bin

1,000,000. miljon

1,000,000,000. miljard

1,000,000,000,000. triljon

**Etymologies**Following the pattern of late Lingua Franca, which did its counting in Arabic, Parra's numbers predominantly come from Tatar/Turkish. It's a bit eclectic, though, since Latinate numeral names have been kept for 2, 3, and 4, as well as 20 and 100. Numbers of 1,000,000 and above reflect international terminology, but were most directly influenced by Russian.

While 1 is signified with a Turkic word, the old Latinate numeral, uno, survives as an indefinite pronoun. It can be paired with omo or cosa when needed to specify "somebody" or "something," but this is not needed. Plural is unu.

- Coprato uno ce ne volato. = I bought something I didn't want.

- Tu vola piju unu saba? = Do you want a few more?

## Ordinal, Multiplicative, and Collective Numbers

For other kinds of numbers, Parra uses particles rather than suffixes. The particle is placed after the number names.

The ordinal numbers, which show order and position, are made by using the numeral together with the particle

If context allows it, the cardinal numbers may be used alone, without

The Romance ordinal number

1st: bir ici

2nd: du ici

3rd: teré ici

4th: vatro ici

... etc.

The multiplicative adverbs are used to show the number of times something occurs (once, twice, thrice, etc.). In Parra, these are formed by using the numerals with the adverb particle

Once: bir şecil

Twice: du şecil

Thrice: teré şecil

Four times: vatro şecil

...etc.

Collective numbers name groups of people, something like "trio" and "quartet" in English. In Russian and Ukrainian, most collective numbers are formed by adding the suffix /-ero/ to the cardinal numbers. In Parra,

- vatro ero jaju a parc - a group of four old women in the park

The collective numbers can be used after pronouns.

- nos beş ero - the five of us

Ordinal NumbersOrdinal Numbers

The ordinal numbers, which show order and position, are made by using the numeral together with the particle

*ici.**This word, originally the turkic suffix /-ici/, /-ücü/, or /-ıcı/, is considered a separate word in Parra. Its use has expanded so it can also be a noun meaning "position in an order or list."*If context allows it, the cardinal numbers may be used alone, without

*ici,*to indicate position, similar to how in English "man two" may be used instead of "second man." A shopkeeper might say, "Du sunjor, como çaşe"*-*"Gentleman two, please" - to get the attention of a man waiting in line.The Romance ordinal number

*prima*survives as the Parra adjective*prime,*"main, principal, chief."1st: bir ici

2nd: du ici

3rd: teré ici

4th: vatro ici

... etc.

**Multiplicative Adverbs**The multiplicative adverbs are used to show the number of times something occurs (once, twice, thrice, etc.). In Parra, these are formed by using the numerals with the adverb particle

*şecil.*The same form is used for numerals like*double, triple, quadruple*and*twofold, threefold, fourfold*when these refer to multiplication and not to groups or sets.Once: bir şecil

Twice: du şecil

Thrice: teré şecil

Four times: vatro şecil

...etc.

**Collective Numbers**Collective numbers name groups of people, something like "trio" and "quartet" in English. In Russian and Ukrainian, most collective numbers are formed by adding the suffix /-ero/ to the cardinal numbers. In Parra,

*ero*is analyzed as a separate word that means "group of."- vatro ero jaju a parc - a group of four old women in the park

The collective numbers can be used after pronouns.

- nos beş ero - the five of us

## Tempe e Calandaro

Time and the Calendar

Not really numbers, but related. Below is a list of Parra calendrical terms.

Parra's word for Monday just means "after Sunday," a calque from Russian and Turkish. Parra follows Russian and Turkish in using numbers for Tuesday to Thursday. The holy days of Friday, Saturday, and Sunday have religiously suitable names.

1. Podomica (Monday)

2. Duden (Tuesday)

3. Tereden (Wednesday)

4. Vatroden (Thursday)

5. Çumá (Friday)

6. Şabat (Saturday)

7. Domica (Sunday)

The original Lingua Franca names for the solar months were influenced by Ligurian forms. Later influence came from Greek and Russian, which also use names derived from Latin.

1. Jenvá

2. Frevá

3. Marso

4. Aprí

5. Majo

6. Jun

7. Lijul

8. Agusto

9. Setéber

10. Otóber

11. Novéber

12. Deşéber

The names for the Islamic lunar months are simplified from the Turkic forms. In some cases this has rendered them incomprehensible to non-Crimean Muslims, but they serve for arranging appointments among Crimeans.

1. Muxaram

2. Safar

3. Relevel

4. Relaxir

5. Cemálevel

6. Cemálaxir

7. Recep

8. Şaban

9. Ramadan

10. Şaval

11. Dixade

12. Dixice

**Deni de Védoma****Days of the Week**Parra's word for Monday just means "after Sunday," a calque from Russian and Turkish. Parra follows Russian and Turkish in using numbers for Tuesday to Thursday. The holy days of Friday, Saturday, and Sunday have religiously suitable names.

1. Podomica (Monday)

2. Duden (Tuesday)

3. Tereden (Wednesday)

4. Vatroden (Thursday)

5. Çumá (Friday)

6. Şabat (Saturday)

7. Domica (Sunday)

**Mesi de Oçidente****Western months**The original Lingua Franca names for the solar months were influenced by Ligurian forms. Later influence came from Greek and Russian, which also use names derived from Latin.

1. Jenvá

2. Frevá

3. Marso

4. Aprí

5. Majo

6. Jun

7. Lijul

8. Agusto

9. Setéber

10. Otóber

11. Novéber

12. Deşéber

**Musilimic Mesi****Islamic months**The names for the Islamic lunar months are simplified from the Turkic forms. In some cases this has rendered them incomprehensible to non-Crimean Muslims, but they serve for arranging appointments among Crimeans.

1. Muxaram

2. Safar

3. Relevel

4. Relaxir

5. Cemálevel

6. Cemálaxir

7. Recep

8. Şaban

9. Ramadan

10. Şaval

11. Dixade

12. Dixice